Rab Island Croatia
Because of its location at the foot
of Velebit mountain range, particularly Kamenjak mountain, the island of
Rab is protected from cold and stormy winds. Appearance wise the barren
mountain of Kamenjak and Velebit channel appear ominous, but the mountains
are a blessing to the island, protecting it from cold and stormy Winter
winds, providing for a pleasant local climate.
Thanks to its luscious vegetation, its sunny and proliferated
coastline, deep blue and crystal clear sea water, irresistible natural
beauty and thousand year old culture, Rab Island has always offered something
special to its visitors.
This is why as far back as 1889 the
city fathers declared Rab Island as a tourist and health resort. By the
beginning of the 20th century Rab had an increasing number of visitors,
tourism was developing rapidly, and the number of those that fell in love
with Rab seeking rest and recreation grew.
Tourism flowered between the two World Wars, when in 1936
Rab was visited by King Edward VIII and his wife. The English couple were
probably the most distinguished nudists to visit Rab that year. Nudism
on the island commenced with the opening of the first public nudist beach
only two years earlier.
The cultural and historic heritage of Rab was discovered
by many acclaimed historians relatively early on. The first Croatian cultural
historian, Ivan Kukuljevic Sakcinski, described the City of Rab in 1856
as historically rich, and expressed his wish to visit the island again.
The English architect T. G. Jackson stated in 1887 that which many have
said before and after him: “a strange medieval town, closer to reminiscence
than reality...to my tastes the most beautiful of Dalmatian towns”.
Medieval Rab in its entirety
is probably even more inspiring than any of the many individual monuments
with which the town is adorned. Numerous gothic and renaissance palaces
of distinguished gentry, monuments to sacred and secular life of times
gone by, all lead to the creation of a uniqueness that is Rab.
The combination of old buildings, a range of precious
portals, richly decorated balconies, beautiful windows and signage from
various historic periods creates a unique atmosphere, a sense of perfection
and peculiar picturesqueness which will leave every visitor standing in
Rab is the most northern of Croatian
islands to be covered in Mediterranean vegetation. Professor Günter
from Graz wrote in 1912 “For its many visitors Rab can be primarily thankful
to its rich vegetation, particularly Komcar Park, the work of Forest and
Parks Commissioner Belija in 1883, to whom inhabitants will one day surely
raise a monument. The visitor returns from the island refreshed by sea
breezes and will remember his visit to this beautiful island for a long
time to come”. And truly the inhabitants of Rab are proud of their luscious
vegetation, of its century old Komrcar Park with all of its pine trees,
agavas...and of their Commissioner to whom they raised a monument as was
prophesised a long time ago.
Park Komrcar aside, the South-western side of the island
is rich with a variety of vegetation: pine trees, palm trees, olive groves,
green pastures, vineyards...
It seems that the island was named after its forests.
Ancient names such as Arva, Arbia or Arbitna, in Italian Arbe or Croatian
Rab, originate from the Illyrian Arb, meaning dark, green and forested.
One of the most beautiful and most forested areas of the Island is Suha
Punta (Dry Point) and rt Kalifront (Kalifront Peninsula). Located opposite
is the North-eastern part of Rab Island, orientated towards the mainland
and Velebit mountain range, a karst, arid and harsh landscape similar to
the surface of the moon.
|Rab is an island of the
Sun, and you can surely believe that these are not just empty phrases:
Winter on the island is pleasantly moderate while the Summer is hot with
an average of 2,600 sunny hours per year, in other words, more than 10
hours of sunshine per day during the Summer months. The average temperature
during the Summer months is a pleasant 26°C, while the Winter minimum
rarely falls below 10°C. Truly a sunny paradise during all seasons
of the year.
|Geographic location and natural characteristics:
|By clicking on individual locations you will
receive additional information regarding the selected settlement as well
as accomodation possibilities.
| Lopar | Supetarska
| Mundanije | Banjol
| Barbat | Rab/Palit
| Kampor | Suha
Geographic location: Croatia, Kvarner Islands
Geographic lattitude: 44° 45' North
Geographic longitude: 14° 46' East
Area: 90.8 km²
Length of the Island bearing NW-SE: 22 km
Greatest width of the Island: 11 km
Distance from mainland: 1.800 m
Sea temperature from May to october: above 20°C